|ICL 2012 - Assessing Patterns of Transnational Organized Crime|
The 2012 Specialization Course in International Criminal Law for Young Penalists on ‘Assessing Patterns of Transnational Organized Crime, the International Criminal Responsibility of Non-State Actors, and the Effectiveness of the International Enforcement System’ was held in Siracusa from May 20th until May 30th, 2012. The course was sponsored by the Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies (USA), the Association Internationale de Droit Pénal (AIDP - France), the University of Palermo, Faculty of Law (Italy), the Middlesex University Department of Law (London, UK), the Irish Centre for Human Rights, National University of Ireland (Galway, Ireland), and the Osservatorio Permanente sulla Criminalità Organizzata (OPCO – Italy).
The course was inaugurated by a keynote speech of M. Cherif Bassiouni, ISISC President; Judge Giovanni Tinebra, General Prosecutor of the Court of Appeal of Catania and President of OPCO Scientific Committee; and Ms. Sara Greenblatt, Chief of the Organized Crime and Illicit Trafficking Branch, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
The Specialization Course was attended by seventy-one participants from all over the world, including Europe, North America, South America, Asia and the Middle East. English was the official language of the course. These individuals are recent law graduates, practitioners, academics or students, currently pursuing higher education or careers in the fields of international criminal law and international relations. Thirty-three different countries, as well as thirty-three different Universities, were represented among the participants involved in the Specialization Course. The course was taught and attended by nineteen distinguished faculty members and four judges.
The Specialization Course consisted of two parts, which included all day lecture sessions that were followed by several days of a moot court competition. At the end of the Course, all the participants attended 13 working sessions for a total of 40 actual academic contact hours. The lectures involved the following topics:
- The Distinction between International and Transnational Crimes: A Critical Examination of the Various ICL Regimes and the Enforcement Capabilities
- International and National Criminal Responsibility of Legal Entities
- International Criminal Responsibility of Non-State Actors
- The Enforcement Effectiveness of Existing International and National Legal Regimes
- The Old and the New: How Effective are International and National Legal Regimes at Controlling Cyber Crime and Environmental Crimes?
- The Old and the New: How Effective are International and National Legal Regimes at Controlling Corruption and Money Laundering?
- The Old and the New: How Effective are International and National Legal Regimes at Controlling Drug and Human Trafficking?
- Assessing the International and National Legal Regimes: Is the System Too Broken to Fix, and are Governments Really Concerned?
The second part of the course involved a moot court competition. During this competition, the participants were divided into teams of four, and each team argued before the International Court of Justice for either the Applicant or Respondent. The oral arguments took place before panels of faculty member judges. The moot court competition culminated with a semi-final round, which involved the top four teams, and the final competition that included the two winning teams from the semi-final round. Moot court competition awards were given to the winning Respondent team, and to the Applicant runners up.
The winners of the competition were:
- Oyinlola Oguntebi (Nigeria / USA)
- Giulia Checcacci (Italy)
- Arianna Frontera (Italy)
- Aleksandra Dlubak (Poland)
The second best team winners were:
- Suncana Roksandic Vidlicka (Croatia)
- Maria Francesca Cucchiara (Italy)
- Valeria Spinosa (Italy)
- Gabriela-Mihaela Ivan-Cucu (Romania)
At the conclusion of the Specialization Course, there was an awards ceremony. Ms. Aleksandra Dlubak (Poland) and Ms. Maria Francesca Cucchiara (Italy) were awarded with the Best Oralist award. Moreover, every participant in the Specialization Course received a certificate of attendance to the course.