|ICL 2009 - The Legal Status and Responsibilities of Nonstate Actors|
The 2009 Specialization Course on ‘The Legal Status and Responsibilities of Nonstate Actors Under International Humanitarian Law, International Criminal Law and International Human Rights Law’ was held in Siracusa from May 24th until June 3rd, 2009. The course was sponsored by the International Institute for Higher Studies in Criminal Sciences (Siracusa, Italy), the University of Palermo Faculty of Law (Palermo, Italy), the Irish Centre for Human Rights, National University of Ireland (Galway, Ireland), the International Association of Penal Law (Paris, France) and the NATO School (Oberammergau, Germany).
The Specialization Course was attended by seventy-two participants from all over the world, including Europe, North America, South America, Asia and the Middle East. English was the official language of the course. These individuals are recent law graduates, practitioners, academics or students, currently pursuing higher education or careers in the fields of international criminal law and international relations. Thirty-three different countries were represented among the participants involved in the Specialization Course. The course was taught and attended by fourteen distinguished faculty members and judges.
The Specialization Course consisted of two parts, which included all day lecture sessions that were followed by several days of a moot court competition. At the end, all the participants attended 12 working sessions for a total of 40 actual academic contact hours.
The lectures involved the following topics: The Normative and Enforcement Aspects of International Humanitarian Law; The International Human Rights Law Regime; International Criminal Law Norms: The Overlaps and Gaps of Genocide, Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes; New Wars and Terrorism: Is Compliance Possible? Can Incentives Enhance Compliance of Non-state Actors?; Governmental Non-compliance: Issues and Solutions; Responsibility of Private Military Contractors.
The second part of the course involved a moot court competition. During this competition, the participants were divided into teams of three or four, and each team argued before the International Court of Justice for either the Applicant or Respondent. The oral arguments took place before panels of faculty member judges.
The moot court competition culminated with a semi-final round, which involved the top four teams, and the final competition that included the two winning teams from the semi-final round. Moot court competition awards were given to the winning Respondent team, and to the Applicant runners up.
The winners of the competition were:
- Noha Aboueldahab (Egypt)
- Jed Odermatt (Australia/Switzerland)
- Patrick Dowd (USA)
- Iryna Marchuk (Ukraine)
The second best team winners were:
- Salvatore Fabio Nicolosi (Italy)
- Daniela-Anca Deteseanu (Romania)
- Sara Luzzati (Italy)
- Karolina Kremens (Poland)
At the conclusion of the Specialization Course, there was an awards ceremony. Mr. Patrick Dowd (USA) and Ms. Marie-Louise Tougas (Canada) were awarded with the Best Oralist award. Moreover, every participant in the Specialization Course received a certificate of attendance to the course.
Please find below the best papers submitted by the Participants:
and Professor Bassiouni's paper on Non State Actors: